맥주이야기

맥주의 종류

맥주의 종류

현재 수천 종의 맥주가 지구상에서 만들어지고 있습니다. 이를 일정한 기준에 따라 분류하기는 쉽지 않고 다종다양할 수 밖에 없습니다.
아래는 세계의 맥주 종류에 대한 미국 맥주 양조사 협회의 자료입니다.

Hybrid/Mixed Beer Styles

  • 1. Non-Alcoholic Malt Tonic
  • 2. Non-Alcoholic (Beer) Malt Beverage
  • 3. American Cream Ale or Lager
  • 4. American-Style Wheat Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Light American Wheat Ale or Lager without Yeast
    • B. Subcategory: Dark American Wheat Ale or Lager without Yeast
  • 5. American-Style Hefeweizen
    • A. Subcategory: Light American Wheat Ale or Lager with Yeast
    • B. Subcategory: Dark American Wheat Ale or Lager with Yeast
  • 6. Rye Beer
    • A. Subcategory: American Rye Ale or Lager with or without Yeast
    • B. Subcategory: German-Style Rye Ale (Roggenbier) with or without Yeast
  • 7. Fruit and Vegetable Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Fruit Beer
    • B. Subcategory: Fruit Wheat Beer
    • C. Subcategory: Vegetable Beer
  • 8. Herb and Spice Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Herb and Spice Beer
    • B. Subcategory: Chocolate/Cocoa Flavored Beer
  • 9. Coffee Flavored Beer
  • 10. Specialty Beer
  • 11. Specialty Honey Lager or Ale
  • 12. Other Strong Ale or Lager
  • 13. Experimental Beer (Lager or Ale)
    • A. Subcategory: Experimental Beer
    • B. Subcategory: Gluten Free Beer
  • 14. Wood- and Barrel-aged Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Wood- and Barrel-aged Beer
    • B. Subcategory: Wood- and Barrel-aged Dark Beer
    • C. Subcategory: Wood- and Barrel-aged Strong Beer
  • 15. Cellar or Unfiltered Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Kellerbier or Zwickelbier/Unfiltered Lager
    • B. Subcategory: Cellared or Unfiltered Ale
  • 16. Smoke-Flavored Beer
    • A. Subcategory: Bamberg-Style (Smoke) Rauchbier Lager
    • B. Subcategory: Smoke-Flavored Beer (Lager or Ale)

Lager Beer Styles

Styles of European and German Origin
  • 17. European-Style Low-Alcohol Lager/German-Style Leicht(bier)
  • 18. German-Style Pilsener
  • 19. Bohemian-Style Pilsener
  • 20. Munchner-Style Helles
  • 21. European-Style Pilsener
  • 22. Dortmunder/European-Style Export
  • 23. Vienna-Style Lager
  • 24. German-Style Marzen/Oktoberfest
  • 25. European-Style Dark/Munchner Dunkel
  • 26. German-Style Schwarzbier
  • 27. Traditional German-Style Bock
  • 28. German-Style Heller Bock/Maibock
  • 29. German-Style Strong Bock
    • A. Subcategory: German-Style Strong Doppelbock
    • B. Subcategory: German-Style Eisbock
Styles of North American Origin
  • 30. American-Style Light Lager
  • 31. American-Style Low-Carbohydrate Light Lager
  • 32. American-Style Light Amber Lager
  • 33. American-Style Lager
  • 34. American-Style Premium Lager
  • 35. American-Style Specialty Lager
    • A. Subcategory: American-Style Dry Lager/Japanese Dry Lager
    • B. Subcategory: American-Style Ice Lager
    • C. Subcategory: American-Style Malt Liquor
    • D. Subcategory: American-Style Pilsener
  • 36. American-Style Amber Lager
    • A. Subcategory: American-Style Amber Lager
    • B. Subcategory: California Common Beer
    • C. Subcategory: American-Style Marzen/Oktoberfest
  • 37. American-Style Dark Lager
Styles of Other Origin
  • 38. Australasian, Latin American or Tropical-Style Light Lager
  • 39. Baltic Porter

Ale Beer Styles

Styles of Belgian and French Origin
  • 40. Belgian Style White (or Wit)/Belgian-Style Wheat
  • 41. French- Belgian Style Saison
  • 42. Belgian- and French-Style Ale
    • A. Subcategory: Belgian-Style Pale Ale
    • B. Subcategory: French-Style Biere de Garde
    • C. Belgian-Style Table Beer
    • D. Subcategory: Other Belgian- and French-Style Ale
  • 43. Belgian-Style Sour Ale
    • A. Subcategory: Belgian-Style Lambic
    • B. Subcategory: Belgian-Style Gueuze Lambic
    • C. Subcategory: Belgian-Style Fruit Lambic
    • D. Subcategory: Belgian-Style Flanders/Oud Bruin or Oud Red Ale
    • E. Subcategory: Other Belgian-Style Sour Ale
  • 44. Belgian-Style Dubbel
  • 45. Belgian-Style Tripel
  • 46. Belgian-Style Pale Strong Ale
  • 47. Belgian-Style Dark Strong Ale
  • 48. Other Belgian-Style Ale
    • A. Subcategory: Other Belgian-Style Abbey Ale
    • B. Subcategory: Other Belgian-Style Strong Speciality Ale
    • C. Subcategory: Other Belgian-Style Ale
Styles of British Origin
  • 49. English-Style Summer Ale
  • 50. Classic English-Style Pale Ale
  • 51. English-Style India Pale Ale
  • 52. Ordinary Bitter
  • 53. Special Bitter or Best Bitter
  • 54. English-Style Extra Special Bitter or Strong Bitter
  • 55. Scottish-Style Ale
    • A. Subcategory: Scottish-Style Light Ale
    • B. Subcategory: Scottish-Style Heavy Ale
    • C. Subcategory: Scottish-Style Export Ale
  • 56. English-Style Mild Ale
    • A. Subcategory :English-Style Pale Mild Ale
    • B. Subcategory: English-Style Dark Mild Ale
  • 57. English-Style Brown Ale
  • 58. Brown Porter
  • 59. Robust Porter
  • 60. Sweet Stout
  • 61. Oatmeal Stout
  • 62. Imperial Stout
  • 63. Strong Scotch Ale
    • A. Subcategory: Traditional Strong Scotch Ale
    • B. Subcategory: Peated Strong Scotch Ale
  • 64. Old Ale
  • 65. Strong Ale
  • 66. Barley Wine-Style Ale
    • A. Subcategory: English-Style Barley Wine Ale
    • B. Subcategory: American-Style Barley Wine Ale
Styles of German Origin
  • 67. German-Style Kolsch/Koln-Style Kolsch
  • 68. German-Style Brown Ale/Dusseldorf-Style Altbier
  • 69. South German-Style Hefeweizen/Hefeweissbier
  • 70. German-Style Pale Wheat Ale
    • A. Subcategory: South German-Style Kristal Weizen/Kristal Weissbier
    • B. Subcategory: German-Style Leichtes Weizen/Weissbier
    • C. Subcategory: Berliner-Style Weisse (Wheat)
  • 71. German-Style Dark Wheat Ale
    • A. Subcategory: South German-Style Bernsteinfarbenes Weizen/Weissbier
    • B. Subcategory: South German-Style Dunkel Weizen/Dunkel Weissbier
  • 72. South German-Style Weizenbock/Weissbock
Styles of Irish Origin
  • 73. Irish-Style Red Ale
  • 74. Classic Irish-Style Dry Stout
  • 75. Foreign (Export)-Style Stout
Styles of North American Origin
  • 76. Golden or Blonde Ale
  • 77. American-Style Pale Ale